History Of Vietnam
The roots of Vietnamese history lie in southern China. With the formation of their first own empire, the center of Vietnamese political power shifted to the Red River Delta. In 111 BC, Vietnam fell under the reign of the Chinese for more than a millennium. After the Vietnamese General Ngo Quyen defeated the Chinese in 938 AC, the Ly and Tran dynasties built a strong, centralistic empire that lasted from the 10th to the 15th century. Subsequently, the Vietnamese expanded their empire by marching south all the way to the Mekong Delta. During the 130 years of raging civil war between the principalities of Trinh in the north and Nguyen in the south, the country split up into two parts. In 1802, the Nguyen prevailed and made Hue the capital of their absolutistic monarchy. In the mid-18th century, Vietnam became a French colony. Under Ho Chi Minh, the national resistance was formed. In 1954, the French surrendered, and due to the resolution of the Geneva Conference Vietnam was divided into the communist North and the capitalist, American-supported South. The successive Vietnam War ended in 1975 with the fall of Saigon and the reunification under North-Vietnamese leadership.
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